Ceramic is the name for materials that are formed by the use of heat. The word ceramic comes from the Greek word κεραμικός (keramikos). The term covers inorganic non-metallic materials which are formed by the action of heat. The ceramic first use of functional pottery vessel fIR storing food and water is thought to be around 9000 to 10000 BC. And clay bricks were also made around the same time. The glass materials were believed to be discovered in Egypt around 8000 BC.Experts estimate that it was not until 1500 BC that glass was produced independently of ceramics and fashioned into separate items. When we are overheating the materials it produces a good colored Glaze on the pottery.
History Of Ceramic:
There is a long history of ceramic art in almost all developed cultures, and often ceramic objects are all the artistic evidence left from vanished cultures, like that of the Nok in Africa over 2,000 years ago. Cultures especially noted for ceramics include the Chinese, Cretan, Greek, Persian, Mayan, Japanese, and Korean cultures, as well as the modern Western cultures.
The oldest pottery vessels come from East Asia, with finds in China and Japan, then still linked by a land bridge, and some in what is now the Russian Far East, providing several from 20,000–10,000 BCE, although the vessels were simple utilitarian objects.Although pottery figurines are found from earlier periods in Europe.
Some experts believe the first true porcelain was made in the province of Zhejiang in China during the Eastern Han period. Shards recovered from archaeological Eastern Han kiln sites estimated firing temperature ranged from 1,260 to 1,300 °C(2,300 to 2,370 °F). As far back as 1000 BCE, the so-called “porcelaneous wares” or “proto-porcelain wares” were made using at least some kaolin fired at high temperatures. Small quantities of expensive Chinese porcelain were imported into Europe, Until the 16th century. No one was successful until a recipe for hard-paste porcelain was devised at the Meissen factory in Dresden in 1710. Within a few years, porcelain factories sprung up at Nymphenburg in Bavaria (1754) and Capodimonte in Naples (1743) and many other places, often financed by a local ruler.
Many times in its history styles from the usually more prestigious and expensive art of metalworking have been copied in ceramics. This can be seen in early Chinese ceramics, such as pottery and ceramic wares of the Shang Dynasty, in Ancient Roman and Iranian pottery, and Rococo European styles, copying contemporary silverware shapes.A common use of ceramics is for “pots” – containers such as bowls, and amphorae, as well as other tableware, but figurines have been very widely made.
Of all the art mediums, CLAY has the most history, oldest found art, and the most attached emotions for, our modern artist. Equipment has long been understood as romantic and mysterious, thanks to cultural representations such as movies and the works themselves. Clay is a sensitive, seductive material that responds to the touch. Its surface can look like many materials, wood, metal, stone, shell, fish, fur, bone there is no end to the list of the great transformer.